[sig-policy] prop-132-v001 AS0 for Bogons

  • To: Policy SIG <sig-policy@apnic.net>
  • Subject: [sig-policy] prop-132-v001 AS0 for Bogons
  • From: Sumon Ahmed Sabir <sasabir@gmail.com>
  • Date: Fri, 9 Aug 2019 16:01:33 +0600
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    • Dear SIG members,

      The proposal "prop-132-v001: AS0 for Bogons" has been sent to
      the Policy SIG for review.

      It will be presented at the Open Policy Meeting at APNIC 48 in
      Chiang Mai, Thailand on Thursday, 12 September 2019.

      We invite you to review and comment on the proposal on the mailing list
      before the meeting.

      The comment period on the mailing list before an APNIC meeting is an
      important part of the policy development process. We encourage you to
      express your views on the proposal:

        - Do you support or oppose this proposal?
        - Does this proposal solve a problem you are experiencing? If so,
          tell the community about your situation.
        - Do you see any disadvantages in this proposal?
        - Is there anything in the proposal that is not clear?
        - What changes could be made to this proposal to make it more

      Information about this proposal is available at:


      Sumon, Bertrand, Ching-Heng
      APNIC Policy SIG Chairs


      prop-132-v001: AS0 for Bogons


      Proposer: Aftab Siddiqui

      1. Problem statement
      Bogons are defined in RFC3871, A "Bogon" (plural: "bogons") is a packet
      with an IP source address in an address block not yet allocated by IANA
      or the Regional Internet Registries (ARIN, RIPE NCC, APNIC, AFRINIC and
      LACNIC) as well as all addresses reserved for private or special use by
      RFCs.  See [RFC3330] and [RFC1918].

      As of now, there are 287 IPv4 bogons and 73 IPv6 bogons in the global
      routing table. In the past, several attempts have been made to filter
      out such bogons through various methods such as static filters and updating
      them occasionally but it is hard to keep an up to date filters, 
      TeamCymru and
      CAIDA provides full bogon list in text format to update such filters. 
      also provides bogon BGP feed where they send all the bogons via a BGP 
      which then can be discarded automatically. Beside all these attempts the 
      of Bogon Advertisement hasn't be resolved so far.

      2. Objective of policy change
      The purpose of creating AS0 (zero) ROAs for unallocated address space by 
      is to resolve the issue of Bogon announcement. When APNIC issues an AS0 
      ROA for
      unallocated address space in its bucket then it will be marked as 
      “Invalid” if
      someone tries to advertise the same address space.

      Currently, in the absence of any ROA, these bogons are marked as 
      “NotFound”. Since
      many operators have implemented ROV and either planning or already 
      discarding “Invalid”
      then all the AS0 ROAs which APNIC will create for unallocated address 
      space will be
      discarded as well.

      3. Situation in other regions
      No such policy in any region at the moment.

      4. Proposed policy solution
      APNIC will create AS0(zero) ROAs for all the unallocated address space 
      in its bucket
      (IPv4 and IPv6). Any resource holder can create AS0 (zero) ROAs for the 
      resources they
      have under their account.

      A ROA is a positive attestation that a prefix holder has authorised an 
      AS to originate a
      route for this prefix whereas, a ROA for the same prefixes with AS0 
      (zero) origin shows
      negative intent from the resource holder that they don't want to 
      advertise the prefix(es)
      at this point but they are the rightful custodian.

      Only APNIC has the authority to create ROAs for address space not yet 
      allocated to the members
      and only APNIC can issue AS0 (zero) ROAs. Once they ROA is issued and 
      APNIC wants to allocate
      the address space to its member, simply they can revoke the ROA and 
      delegate the address space
      to members. (this proposal doesn't formulate operational process).

      5. Advantages / Disadvantages
      Those implementing ROV globally and discarding the invalids will be able 
      to discard bogons from
      APNIC region automatically.

      No apparent disadvantage

      6. Impact on resource holders
      No impact to APNIC or respective NIR resource holders not implementing 
      ROV. Those implementing
      ROV and discarding the invalids will not see any bogons in their routing 

      7. References
      RFC6483 - https://tools.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6483.txt
      RFC6491 - https://tools.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6491.txt
      RFC7607 - https://tools.ietf.org/rfc/rfc7607.txt