FWD:Singapore Struggles to control cyberspace (HKStandard)

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  • Subject: FWD:Singapore Struggles to control cyberspace (HKStandard)
  • From: Bala Pillai <bala at apic dot net>
  • Date: Thu, 17 Oct 1996 23:54:50 +1000
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      **forwarded message***
      Date:         Wed, 16 Oct 1996 20:33:41 -0400
      From: Alex G Bardsley <bardsley@ACCESS.DIGEX.NET>
      Subject:      FWD: SG: Struggle to control cyberspace (HKStandard)
      To: Multiple recipients of list SEASIA-L <SEASIA-L@MSU.EDU>
      
      X-within-URL: http://www.hkstandard.com/online/news/001/asia/news008.htm
      
      
           _________________________________________________________________
      
      Singapore struggles to control cyberspace
      
         SINGAPORE: Singapore, famous for its social order and regulation, is
         struggling to control the chaos of the Internet.
      
         Determined to make the tiny city-state ``an information hub'', in the
         words of Information and Arts Minister George Yeo, Singapore is
         linking every household through a vast network of high capacity
         coaxial cables and super-computers.
      
         Once completed, access to the global computer network will be 1,000
         times faster than through normal telephone connections.
      
         Over 150,000 of Singapore's 750,000 households are already on line and
         all three million people should be tied in by 1999.
      
         But with this information revolution comes new challenges, testing
         Singapore's famous social order, which has been carefully cultivated
         by the ruling People's Action Party (PAP) since the country's
         independence in 1965.
      
         Long used to a strictly controlled local press and restrictions on
         many foreign publications, Singaporeans suddenly have virtually open
         access to news, information, films and, most worrying to the
         authorities, pornography.
      
         This was not the what the government had in mind.
      
         ``We want businessmen to invest in the Internet and develop new
         software,'' Mr Yeo said in recent interview. ``We want the department
         stores and the purveyors of goods and services to make most use of the
         Internet.''
      
         Worried by lack of control, Singapore has announced measures to try to
         curb local access to ``undesireable'' Internet sites.
      
         The Singapore Broadcasting Authority (SBA) licences just three
         Internet Service Providers (ISPs) for domestic subscribers, all units
         of government-linked companies, including state telephone company
         Singapore Telecom.
      
         All three have installed ``proxy servers'', giant computers capable of
         blocking sites the SBA wants banned.
      
         Singapore-based groups wanting to produce pages for the Internet's
         most popular forum, the World Wide Web, must also register with the
         SBA and can expect careful vetting if they trespass into the political
         or religious arena.
      
         But the anarchic Internet, which lacks any central authority, appears
         to be defeating most attempts at control.
      
         ``It is impossible to block every site,'' said Ong Su Mann, editor of
         the Singapore edition of Asia Online magazine.
      
         ``Some adult sites have been blocked _ Playboy, for example _ but if
         you are someone that seeks out adult sites, all you need to do is use
         a search engine (software search device) such as Yahoo! or Infoseek
         and type in a word like `sex' or 'nudity','' he said.
      
         A recent key-word search in Singapore for sites with ``sex'' in the
         title found 22,797 responses, many offering free access to
         pornographic pictures, videos or interactive chat-lines. A similar
         search for ``nudity'' found 88,100 sites.
      
         The biggest problem for would-be regulators is the Internet's size.
         With worldwide connections fast approaching 100 million, and new users
         coming in by tens of thousands every day, there are simply too many
         sites to police.
      
         Even if authorities were able to monitor and shut down offensive sites
         as fast as they appeared, users could simply dodge local controls by
         dialing into an Internet node in another country at international
         phone rates that are falling fast.
      
         Faced with these hurdles, the Singapore authorities have decided to
         pick off what they say are the worst sites with ``mass impact'' at
         source, while attempting to curb access to pornography by encouraging
         control at a local level.
      
         SBA chief executive officer Goh Liang Kwang says it has banned ``just
         a few dozen sites'', all of them pornographic.
      
         ``We want parents and teachers to put in their own measures like
         desk-top software such as `SurfWatch' and `Net Nanny','' Mr Goh told
         Reuters in an interview.
      
         Knowing it cannot block the overwhelming majority of sites on the
         Internet it dislikes and realising it is impractical to interfere with
         key-word searches, the SBA is making a gesture, which it hopes
         Singaporeans will respond to, Mr Goh says.
      
         On a political level, the governing PAP has set up its own Internet
         sites to counter ``misinformation'' about Singapore.
      
         But opponents of censorship scent victory.
      
         ``There is already plenty of censorship in Singapore,'' said Alex
         Chacko, publisher of several books about Singapore life which he says
         have incurred official displeasure.
      
         ``We've had problems in the past getting reviewed in Singapore ... Now
         we use the Internet.'' _ Reuter
      
         [1]Asia/Pacific
      
      References
      
         1. http://www.hkstandard.com/online/news/001/asia/asia.htm#8